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Trees are typically tall plants (over 13') with one dominant trunk (3" min. diameter at breast height) though there may be several trunks, topped by a crown of foliage.  As you would expect there are few trees in the Desert Grasslands.  The following checklist contains the native trees that are likely to be encountered in Eddy County along with some of the introduced species that you might see around The Ranch.  We have tried to avoid trees that are know to occur only in the Guadalupe Mountains within Eddy County.

Some trees may appear to be shrubs under severe environmental conditions.  Be sure to check out both the tree and shrub pages when looking for a species. 



Acacia greggii - Catclaw Acacia. Other Acacia have been included as Shrubs; however, the Catclaw Acacia can become quite large, over 6' in diameter and nearly 50' in height. 

Acer grandidentatum - Bigtooth Maple.

A- Texas Madrone.

C Sugarberry.

Celtis reticulata - Netleaf Hackberry.

Chilopsis linearis - Desert Willow.

Desert Willow - Lot 18

Clematis ligustifolia - Western Virgins-Boer Clematis This species is considered a woody vine.  It has been included herein since it frequently growing over trees or fences.

Elaeagnus angustifolia - Russian Olive.  This is an introduced tree that has been planted widely throughout the area.

Garrya wrightii - Wright Silktassel

Garrya goldmanii - Goldman Silktassel

F - New Mexico Olive.

Fraxinus cuspidata - Fragrant Ash.  

Fraxinus velutina - Velvet Ash.

Juglans microcarpa - Little Walnut.  The Little Walnut grows on the eastern slopes of the Guadalupe Mountains in Eddy County.

Juniperus deppeana - Alligator Juniper.

Juniperus monosperma - One-Seed Juniper.

One-Seed Juniper - Lot 1

Juniperus pichoti - Redberry Juniper.

Juniperus scopulorum - Rocky Mountain Juniper.

K - Range Ratany.

Leucaena retusa - Golden-Ball Lead Tree.

Morus microphylla - Texas Mulberry or Littleleaf Mulberry.

Ostrya knowltoni - Knowlton Hophornbeam.

Pinus edulis - Common Pinon.

Pinus flexilis - Limber Pine.

Pinus ponderosa - Ponderosa Pine.

Populus wislizeni - Rio Grande Cottonwood.

Rio Grande Cottonwood

Prunus virens - Southwestern Chokecherry.

Ptelea trifoliata - Common Hoptree.

Quercus gamblii - Gambel Oak.

Quercus grisea - Gray Oak.

Quercus mohriana - Mohr Oak.

Quercus muehlenbergii - Chinquapin Oak.  Found in the Guadalupe Mountains in Eddy County.

Quercus oblongifolia - Mexican Blue Oak.

Quercus pungens - Sandpaper Oak.

Quercus undulata - Wavyleaf Oak.

Robinia neomexicana - New Mexico Locust.

Salix amygdaloides - Wrigth's Peachleaf Willow.

Salix gooddingii - Goodding Willow.

Sambucus glauca - Blueberry Elder.

Sapindus drummondii - Western Soapberry.

Sophora secundiflora - Mescal Bean.

Tamarix pentandra - Tamarisk or Salt Cedar.  Introduced species frequently planted as wind break.

Tamarisk or Salt Cedar


Ulmus pumila - Siberian Elm.  No Elms are native to the Southwest.  All are introduced.

Vitis arizonica - Canyon Grape.  This is another vine that can literally cover a tree.


Alden, P., B. Cassie, P. Friederici, J. D. W. Kahl, P. Leary, A. Leventer, and W. B. Zomlefer.  1999.  National Audubon Society Field Guide to the Southwestern States.  Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

Lamb, S. H. 1989.  Woody Plants of the Southwest.  Sunstone Press, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Little, E. L.  1980.  The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Trees.  Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

Powers, J. E. 1993.  Shrubs and Trees of the Southwest Deserts.  Southwest Parks and Monuments Assoc., Tuscon, Arizona.

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SKP Co-op Retreat of New Mexico, Inc.
P.O. Box 109
Lakewood, New Mexico 88254
Phone 575-457-2303 & FAX 575-457-2100
email: skpranch@pvtn.net